• Afghanistan is at the heart of Asia
  • It connects the East to the West thru the ancient silk route thru three regions.
    • South Asia – Pakistan and India lie to the east
    • Southwest Asia/Middle East – Iran, Iraq, and the Persian Gulf lie to the west.
    • Central Asia – five republics of the former Soviet Union lie to the north: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan
  • Afghans have lived through foreign invasions, civil war, insurgency, and a previous period of oppressive Taliban rule. Here are some key events and dates from the past four decades.
    • The Soviet war years 1979-1989
    • The 1990s to 2001: Civil war followed by Taliban rule
    • The U.S.-led invasion 2001-2021